Meaning of Nomadism
What is Nomadism:
Nomadism is a way of life practiced by some groups of individuals, which are characterized by constantly moving from one place to another. Likewise, nomadism is also a lifestyle of various animal species.
Nomadism was a very widespread practice during Prehistory, especially during the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods, when nomads moved from one territory to another, either because food was running out or because of climatic and geological changes.
Therefore, the nomads had to move again to another place where they could settle for a time and so on.
However, it was thanks to the migratory movements of the nomads that the continents were gradually populated and, the human being adapted to the particularities of each region.
At present there are few communities that practice nomadism, as is the case of the Bedouin, nomadic groups that move between different areas of the Middle East and Africa, dedicating themselves mainly to pastoralism.
See also Nomad.
Characteristics of nomadism
Below are the main characteristics of nomadism.
- They constantly move from one place to another according to the seasons of the year.
- Nomads live by hunting, fishing and gathering food.
- Their homes are tents made with animal skins, easy to set up and carry.
- They have a simple and less complex social, political and economic organization than sedentary communities.
- They tend to be patriarchal communities in which the oldest man is in charge of deciding where they will go and when they should leave.
- Nomadic groups can ally in situations of danger, subsistence or marriage.
- The term is used to refer to the ancient activities of human subsistence.
Nomadism and sedentary lifestyle
Nomadism was the first form of life that human beings developed, who moved from one place to another in search of food and shelters such as caves or caverns to live. The nomads lived by hunting and gathering some food.
However, nomadism gradually disappeared as human beings created tools for hunting and gathering food, which led to the development of agriculture and livestock and allowed the cultivation of more food and animal husbandry. .
These activities led to the settlement of communities in various regions, known as sedentary lifestyle.
For its part, sedentary lifestyle refers to the establishment of social groups in a certain region or place that originated, according to specialists, during the Neolithic period in the Middle East region.
In this way, sedentary lifestyle was established, developed and displaced nomadism as a lifestyle. Likewise, it allowed the delimitation of a social order and made possible the formation of towns and cities that are differentiated by their customs, languages and other cultural features.