Meaning of Obedience
What is Obedience:
Obedience is the action of obeying especially in hierarchical organizations. It is about the fulfillment of a mandate or an order.
This word is used in different contexts, such as in religion, the military, the family or education.
It comes from Latin obese, word derived from the verb oboediere (to obey), formed by ob (confrontation, opposition) and audire (hear).
The word obedience can be replaced by the following synonyms: submission, compliance, subordination and submission. On the other hand, as antonyms of this term are: disobedience, rebellion or subversion.
Obedience to god
In a generic way, when some religions speak of "obedience to God", they refer to keeping the religious precepts and obligations, such as the commandments.
In Catholic religious orders, for example, the vow of obedience is, along with chastity and poverty, one of the three Evangelical Councils.
The word obedience is also applied, in this context, to the permission granted by a superior to carry out a certain task or trade and also to the job itself is carried out by order of a superior.
Obedience in the Bible
The subject of obedience appears in the Bible Christianity in both the Old Testament and the New Testament. For example, this quote attributed to Jesus: "If you love me, keep my commandments". (Jn 14:15)
Hierarchical obedience or due obedience
Due obedience is the obedience that is given to the hierarchical superior and that works as an exemption from responsibility to the executor of the order if it involves committing a crime.
In Criminal Law, this situation exempts from criminal responsibility for crimes committed in compliance with an order issued by a hierarchical superior.
In a military organization such as the army, in which there is a hierarchical structure, this term is used. This concept can become controversial.
For example, in Argentina a law was passed in 1987 called the Law of Due Obedience, which established that crimes committed by members of the Armed Forces during the 1970s and 1980s were not punishable for having acted in due obedience.
See also Submission.
Blind obedience is one that surrenders without analyzing the reasons for that order or the consequences that its execution may have. In some organizations blind obedience is required to belong to this group.
For example, in a religious sect.