Meaning of Objectivity
What is Objectivity:
Objectivity refers to expressing reality as it is. It also indicates quality of aim.
Objectivity is detached from the feelings and affinity that a person may have with respect to another individual, object or situation. Objectivity should only indicate what is real and existing, that is, that is impartial.
Therefore, objectivity is a quality that can be difficult to practice, since human beings formulate a personal criterion of what they consider to be true, real or false based on their experiences and perceptions, as well as their culture, beliefs, ideologies. or feelings.
In this sense, objectivity is a term that is related to the meanings of truth, ethics, epistemology, data analysis, fairness and honesty, and is applicable in various activities of human development.
Therefore, objectivity is applied in different areas such as medicine, sports arbitration, judicial opinion, the conclusions of a scientific experiment, the publication of journalistic information, the preparation of a scientific or informative text, among others.
Objectivity allows the presentation of knowledge in a neutral way, therefore, it is an essential characteristic of all the contents that expose the results of a scientific investigation or analysis that seeks to provide information.
As can be seen, objectivity is applied in various ways in which personal and subjective positions are separated so as not to affect a judgment, content or information about reality. Hence, by not implying feelings or roots, objectivity generates calm and tranquility.
For example, it is considered objective to affirm that a woman is pregnant, and, on the other hand, it is considered subjective to accurately ascertain the number of days she is pregnant.
Objectivity, therefore, refers to reality or the object itself, and moves away from any susceptibility that an individual may have.
Some synonyms for objectivity are neutrality, fairness, and honesty. The opposite of objectivity is subjectivity.
See also Objective.
Objectivity and subjectivity
As already mentioned, objectivity is based on real and verifiable facts, dictating impartial and non-judgmental judgments. On the contrary, subjectivity refers to the subjective, part of feelings, particular desires, and is also affected by previous experiences.
While objectivity is limited to making known a result, description or fact, subjectivity analyzes them based on their own opinion and interests. An example of subjective opinion would be the following: "I did not like the novel that the teacher told us to read this week, its characters seemed boring to me."
See also Subjectivity.
Objectivity and epistemology
Epistemology, as a theory of knowledge, deals with evaluating the circumstances, origin and validity through which the human being acquires knowledge.
For this reason, epistemology is related to the term objectivity, since it recognizes that the individual acquires knowledge from reality, and that, through reason and after a mental process, it can generate an objective or reliable statement.
See also Epistemology.