Meaning of OMS

What is OMS:

WHO is the acronym for the World Health Organization. It is the organism of the United Nations (UN), specialized in the prevention and control of health worldwide.

For the WHO, "health is the degree to which a person can carry out his aspirations, satisfy his needs and relate adequately to his environment."

WHO was founded in 1948, with headquarters in Geneva, at the initiative of the Economic and Social Council, which met for the first time on the appointed date. The WHO is made up of 193 Member States, including those that belong to the UN, except Liechtenstein, and 2 non-UN member territories: Niue and the Cook Islands.

For more information, see the UN article.

The WHO was created after the end of the 19th century war. However, the World Health Organization has an emblem chosen by the first World Health Assembly in the same year it was founded, and consists of the symbol of the United Nations loaded with a rod with a coiled serpent.

The WHO was created with the objective of being an international public health organism that is in charge of developing to the maximum the level of health of all the inhabitants worldwide, that is, of improving the complete state of the individual, both physical and mental and Social.

WHO is funded by contributions from member states and the collaboration of external entities, as well as other nongovernmental organizations and pharmaceutical industries. In consideration of this point, Spain stands out for the collaboration of organ donation and transplants worldwide.

WHO was distinguished by the Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation.

Structure of WHO

The World Health Organization is made up of:

  • The World Health Assembly, made up of representatives of all member states who are responsible for directing the organization's policy.
  • The Executive Council, composed of representatives of 24 member states elected by the Assembly and the Secretariat. The Executive Council is made up of a general director, assisted by technical and administrative staff.
  • On the other hand, WHO, based in Geneva, has six regional offices: EMRO (Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean), AFRO (Regional Office for Africa), WPRO (Regional Office for the Western Pacific), EURO ( Regional Office for Europe), SEARO (Regional Office for Southeast Asia), and the Pan American Health Organization (Regional Office for the Americas).

WHO's role

WHO performs the following functions:

  • It is in charge of the International Classification of Diseases, and updating the list of essential drugs that the health systems of all countries should have at affordable prices for the general population.
  • It is in charge of taking measures to stop an epidemic and implement sanitary measures on international travel, such as vaccination.
  • Provide assistance to underdeveloped countries, such as vaccination days, waste disposal, supply of drinking water, eradication of some diseases.
  • Develop a state program to fight AIDS, such as access to treatments, research, medicines, surveillance of the development of the disease, and so on.
  • Fighting tuberculosis, malaria, reducing infant mortality, and improving maternal health.

WHO and PAHO

PAHO is the acronym for the “Pan American Health Organization”, it is an international organization dedicated to public health, in order to achieve the well-being and improvement of the health of the population, and of the living conditions in the peoples of America.

PAHO's mission is to cooperate with the Member Countries to achieve a healthy environment worldwide and to advance towards sustainable human development.

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