Meaning of Otherness
What is Otherness:
Otherness is the ability to become aware of one's own individuality by looking at oneself from a perspective other than oneself.
Otherness in everyday life occurs in the processes when one passes from childhood to adolescence. When one identifies or becomes aware of one as a person when we identify ourselves from the outside. In this way, many of the processes in adolescence are due to the perception of otherness.
In philosophy, otherness is studied by identifying reason as a construction of social, cultural and individual elements. In this way, philosophical otherness questions its own reasoning and existence, confronting forms of thought different from its own, such as, for example, Western versus Eastern philosophy.
In literature, authors such as the Mexican winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature Octavio Paz (1914-1998) explore the notion of otherness through their poetry and essays. In your essay The Labyrinth of SolitudeFor example, he manages to describe what it is to be a Mexican looking at himself from the outside and through the experiences of a teenager who migrates to the United States.
The Labyrinth of Solitude It also exposes cultural otherness, since the author relates the cultural behaviors of Mexicans through the eyes of someone with a different culture.
Cultural otherness can also be identified, for example, when you migrate to a country with a different culture and there you encounter the uses and customs of a compatriot.
In cultural anthropology, otherness is the object of study of cultural otherness.
Otherness and otherness
Otherness and otherness are commonly used synonymously. Otherness refers to the other while otherness derives from the Latin alter, which also means “other”. In this sense, these two concepts seem to differ only in their etymological root.
Despite this, otherness is more used as the process of separating oneself to create consciousness about our own individuality, while the use of otherness refers to the identification with an other other than oneself for the same process.