Meaning of Oxidizer
What is Oxidizer:
Oxidizer, known as an oxidizing agent, is a substance that causes oxidation in other substances in electrochemical or reduction and oxidation reactions.
An oxidizing element or oxidizing agent is one that reaches a stable energy state as a result of the oxidant being reduced and gaining electrons. Likewise, the oxidizing agent causes the oxidation of the reducing agent, generating the loss of electrons from the substance and, therefore, it is oxidized in the process.
The redox potential is a measure of the activity of electrons since it indicates the strength of an oxidant in a substance, specifically, in the gain or loss of electrons. The redox potential is related and is analogous to PH since it measures the activity of protons, unlike the redox potential that is responsible for electrons.
On the other hand, the reducing atmosphere is characterized by not containing significant amounts of free oxygen and other gases or vapors, thus avoiding oxidation. The reducing atmosphere is composed of reducers or molecules with hydrogen atoms such as: ammonium and methane, capable of reducing other molecules. In reference to this point, evolutionists indicate that the primitive atmosphere did not contain oxygen, that is, it is a reducing atmosphere.
In contrast to the above, the oxidizing atmosphere is one that contains free oxygen and other compounds in oxidized states.
Oxidation is a combination of oxygen with other substances. Also, there are different types of oxidation, slow and fast. Rapid oxidation occurs during a chemical reaction known as combustion generating heat and considerable temperatures and flames, in turn, slow oxidation is characterized by the fact that the energy produced is dissipated in the environment, for example: respiration, corrosion of metals , photosynthesis, among others.
Similarly, oxidizing substances are those whose purpose is to change the color of the hair, such as hydrogen peroxide or eliminate some substances that pollute in certain environments.
Some more common or known oxidants or agents are: hypochlorite, iodine, chlorite, peroxides, sulfoxides, ozone, nitric acid, and so on.
Lastly, I recommend reading the oxidation article.
Photochemical oxidants are polluting substances formed by nitrogen oxide gases and fuels that are incompletely burned. These substances are called photochemicals since they are activated by sunlight, as its name indicates "photo" means "light.
Photochemical oxidants are related to air pollution and phenomena such as smog.