Meaning of Ozone
What is Ozone:
Ozone is a gas that occurs naturally in the atmosphere and forms the ozone layer. The word, as such, comes from the Greek ὄζειν (ózein), which means 'to have a smell'.
In this sense, ozone is an allotropic state of oxygen that is characterized by being colorless, having a pungent odor and being very oxidizing. In large concentrations, it acquires a bluish color.
Ozone is formed from the union of three oxygen molecules. In this sense, it differs from ordinary oxygen, made up of only two oxygen molecules.
The ozone formation process is called photolysis. As such, it is a process that occurs in the stratosphere, in which oxygen is broken down by the action of solar radiation.
As such, ozone is found naturally in the atmosphere, in small proportions, especially after major storms. Breathing in large amounts can cause eye and respiratory irritation.
Ozone serves to protect life on the planet, as it filters the sun's ultraviolet rays, which are harmful to humans, animals and plants.
Atmospheric ozone, on the other hand, is sensitive to certain pollutants generated by human activity, and which, when indiscriminately released into the atmosphere, threaten its balance and contribute to its destruction, which is extremely detrimental to the environment. life on the planet.
Tropospheric ozone is environmental ozone, that is, that found in the lower area of the atmosphere, called the troposphere, which rises up to 12 kilometers in height. Pollutant emissions into the atmosphere contribute to the formation of tropospheric ozone and this, in turn, is harmful to human health and to the life of animals and plants.
The ozone layer or ozonosphere is the layer of the atmosphere in which atmospheric ozone is most concentrated. It is located between 10 and 50 kilometers high. Its importance for life on the planet is that it attenuates the effects of ultraviolet radiation, which could otherwise wreak havoc on the biosphere.
The ozone hole is the region of the earth's atmosphere in which there is a decrease in the concentration of ozone gases. It is more accentuated in the Antarctic region and mainly affects countries such as Argentina, Uruguay and Chile. As such, the hole in the ozone layer is a consequence of polluting gas emissions into the atmosphere, which destroy ozone faster than it can be regenerated. The hole was discovered in 1985.