Meaning of Paleontology
What is Paleontology:
Paleontology is the natural science through which the past of life on Earth is studied and reconstructed.
It is a science that exposes what life was like on Earth before the appearance of human beings. Scientists obtain information from the collection of fossil traces of living beings such as plants, insects and animals, even taking into account soil samples.
The word paleontology derives from the Greek palaios which means 'old', onto which translates as ‘to be’, and lodge which means 'science'.
Paleontology is compatible with other scientific and natural studies, mainly geology and biology, which are responsible for obtaining important information about the physical changes of the planet and their effects on living beings.
The objective of the study of paleontology is to collect all the possible data about how the Earth was in the past, in order to reconstruct the origin, evolution and relationship that existed between extinct living beings.
In this sense, paleontology is divided into different branches of study such as paleobiology, paleobiogeography, taphonomy, biochronology, among others.
These studies expose the origin of living beings, their evolutionary changes, the phylogeny or kinship relationships, their territorial distribution, the causes of death or extinction and the processes of fossilization of the remains of animals, plants and vegetables.
In this way, the importance of paleontology is due to the fact that it is a science that makes it possible to understand the biodiversity that exists today, how the distribution of living beings has been and their continuous evolution, the formation of continents, among others. .
It is worth mentioning that paleontology dates back from Ancient Greece to the present day, which is why various study techniques have been developed that complement the information collected throughout history about the origin of life on Earth.
Among the most prominent paleontologists we can mention Georges Cuvier, Charles Darwin, Joseph Leidy, Jack Horner, Iván Efremov, Lucas Mallada, Mary Anning, Paul Sereno, among others.