Meaning of Pangea

What is Pangea:

The supercontinent that existed approximately 300 million years ago, between the end of the Paleozoic Era and the beginning of the Mesozoic, is known by the name of Pangea.

Pangea was a single continent made up of most of the landmass on the planet, which had been grouped together due to the movement of tectonic plates. It had a shape similar to a horseshoe and was distributed in the area of ​​terrestrial Ecuador, surrounded by a single sea called Panthalassa.

Pangea, the name, is formed from the Greek roots παν (pan), which means 'everything', and -gea, which comes from Γαῖα (Gaîa), and is the name of ‘the Earth goddess’. It was first used by the German scientist Alfred L. Wegener.

Some 200 million years ago, between the end of the Triassic and the beginning of the Jurassic, however, Pangea began to fracture, forming two new continents: Gondwana to the west, and Laurasia to the north, separated by a sea, known as the Sea of ​​Tethys.

Due to the incessant movement of the tectonic plates, scientifically known as the theory of continental drift, the processes of disintegration of the plates occurred that gave rise to the continents as we know them today.

The existence of Pangea was initially thought by ancient scientists, who observed that the continents fit together, like pieces of a puzzle, and therefore presumed that possibly in the past the continents had been united. This could finally be determined in modern times, with advanced technology.

It is speculated, however, that similar processes existed before, 600 million years ago, with the existence of another previous supercontinent called Pannotia, which would fragment and rejoin to form Pangea.

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