Meaning of Sociocultural Paradigm
What is Sociocultural Paradigm:
The sociocultural paradigm is a theoretical program that relates learning, psychological development, education and culture to understand and improve the psychological and sociocultural processes in learning.
The sociocultural paradigm was developed by the Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) with influences from other postwar psycho-pedagogical paradigms such as the cognitive paradigm, which combines reason and the analogy of its processes with the information system.
See also Cognitive paradigm.
Vygotsky in his work Thought and language, which studies evolutionary psychology, describes the interaction of human beings with signs or tools, the most important of which is language.
See also Evolutionary psychology.
In his studies, Vygotsky observes that human beings use tools, whether they are physical or intellectual, to produce a solution to the problem posed, generating as a by-product a higher psychic learning or development of higher activities of consciousness.
Characteristics of the sociocultural paradigm
The sociocultural paradigm establishes three fundamental pedagogical ideas that are related to the meaning and internalization of knowledge.
The first idea affirms that human development is interdependent on the learning process, this means that human beings require this type of interaction for their intellectual development.
The second idea is based on the use of tools as an amplification of the capacities of consciousness. The tools, or also referred to by Vygotsky as signs, help to acquire new or better skills such as memory, attention and problem solving.