Meaning of Heritage
What is Heritage:
As patrimony, the set of assets and rights of a person is called. The word, as such, comes from Latin patrimonĭum, which refers to what has been received through the paternal line.
In this sense, heritage is also the property that someone inherits from their ancestors. Hence, the concept is historically associated with inheritance.
In the times of the Roman Republic, for example, the law established that the patrimony was family and inheritable property, which was transmitted from generation to generation, and to which all members of a family had the right.
As such, there are different types of heritage, depending on the type of property to which we refer and whether these are tangible, such as movable or immovable property and natural, or intangible, such as cultural property.
Heritage in Law
In the legal field, patrimony is designated as the set of assets and obligations belonging to a natural or legal person that are capable of being economically valued. As such, equity can be divided into active equity and passive equity.
In this sense, active patrimony is one that is made up of all the assets and rights that are owned by a company, institution or individual. While the passive patrimony supposes the obligations, debts and charges of the person. The difference between asset and liability equity, on the other hand, is called equity.
It may interest you: Civil law.
Cultural heritage refers to the set of cultural assets that historically belong to a community, people or nation, and which is made up of the traditions, beliefs, values, customs and artistic and folkloric expressions that constitute its past, its identity and its uniqueness. . As such, it is the cultural heritage that a people receives from their ancestors and passes on to future generations. Unesco (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is the international body that promotes the protection and preservation of cultural heritage throughout the world, due to its enormous value to humanity.
Natural heritage is known as one that is constituted by a set of monuments, landscapes, formations and places of natural origin that are part of a territory or nation, and that, by virtue of this, have enormous value at an environmental, scientific and aesthetic for the human being.
As tangible heritage is called the set of movable and immovable property, as well as natural assets of great historical and cultural value for a community, people or nation. Monuments, buildings, archaeological sites, places, natural settings, such as mountains, lakes, caves, etc are part of the tangible immovable heritage; of tangible movable heritage objects such as works of art or pieces of archaeological interest, such as utensils, gadgets, weapons and clothing, among other things.
As intangible or intangible heritage is called the set of intellectual and artistic creations of the human being, such as literature, philosophy, science, religion, music, dance, as well as the set of manifestations of their culture, such as their customs and traditions.
Historical heritage is called the set of assets that, over time, a nation has been accumulating, and that due to its great artistic, scientific, archaeological value, etc., enjoy special protection by the legislation of a country.
National heritage is called the sum of the values attributed to the resources available to a country at a given moment in time, and which are used for the economic life of the nation.