Meaning of critical pedagogy
What is critical pedagogy:
Critical pedagogy is a set of techniques that allows establishing, from theory and practice, a teaching proposal that leads to critical thinking of individuals.
Pedagogy itself encompasses a series of knowledge and teaching methods that transcend the socio-political and cultural spaces in which people participate and whose purpose is to transform the traditional educational system.
However, pedagogy is subdivided into different areas with particular purposes, among which is critical pedagogy that was born as an educational proposal that encourages students to adopt a questioning stance before everything they learn and do.
Critical pedagogy is quite recent and has been proposed by specialists Peter McLaren (Canadian), Paulo Freire (Brazilian), Henry Giroux (American), who have relied heavily on the philosophical proposals of Karl Marx.
These specialists rely on the importance of teaching students to get involved and participate in what is happening around them, especially in terms of social issues. Therefore, this pedagogy is conceived from the idea that the learning process is part of the action and social transformation of the individual.
Critical pedagogy seeks to develop the critical thoughts of students, from an ethical and political stance, to analyze social structures and, in this way, pose various questions and promote, as or individuals, their recognition and participation in society.
Characteristics of critical pedagogy
Critical pedagogy is a science that seeks the development of students' critical and reflective skills. Among its main features are:
- Transform the traditional educational system.
- It is a teaching proposal that encourages the questioning of what is studied.
- Critical pedagogy is intended to be an ethical and political practice.
- It encourages individuals to question themselves about the social practices in which they participate.
- Promote teaching methods from an analytical stance that transforms educational values and practices.
- It encourages social changes from the questioning of political and social processes.