## Meaning of logical thinking

## What is logical thinking:

Logical thinking is the ability of the human being to understand everything that surrounds us and the relationships or differences that exist between actions, objects or observable facts through analysis, comparison, abstraction and imagination.

In human beings during childhood only concrete thoughts develop. However, during puberty we are able to generate logical thinking and apply it constantly in order to solve the different situations that arise in daily life.

Logical thinking is constantly applied in various scientific studies, since it allows to analyze, compare, determine and differentiate objects, hypotheses, procedures through various solutions that arise from previous experiences.

For this reason, it is considered that logical thinking is a tool by which we can reason, argue and explain the different situations or objects that are around us.

## Characteristics of logical thinking

Logical thinking allows us to establish common sense to everything that happens and that surrounds us, which is why its development and application is so important for people.

- Logical thinking is deductive.
- It is analytical because it segments all the information that is possessed and the reasoning is carried out.
- It allows the organization of thoughts.
- Logical thinking is rational and not fanciful or imaginative.
- It is precise and exact.
- It is a thought that develops in a linear way, that is, step by step until reaching a conclusion.
- Logical thinking works as a tool that allows solutions to the problems of daily life.

## Mathematical logical thinking

Mathematical logical thinking is one that arises from direct experiences and develops the ability to understand abstract concepts through numbers, graphic forms, equations, mathematical and physical formulas, among others.

For example, mathematical exercises, group games, observing and analyzing images and symbols, comparing, measuring and classifying objects and situations, among other activities that stimulate the ability to solve problems in daily life through mathematics.

Mathematical logical thinking is generated as children grow, especially when they begin to read, write and understand simple mathematical accounts. On the other hand, it also encourages in children the ability to learn from previous experiences and make a decision in the face of a situation or problem.

### Mathematical logical thinking according to Piaget

Piaget's theory states that mathematical logical thinking arises from reflective abstraction, that is, it is a thought that is built in the child's mind starting from the simplest to the most complex, taking into account previous experiences.

These experiences are obtained by children through a didactic learning process that allows them to interact with objects, toys, plants, animals, among others, in order to understand their differences, classification or quantities through very simple mathematical operations.

## Types of logical thinking

Analytical thinking: logical thinking tools are used to evaluate and analyze a real situation.

Convergent thinking: starting from previous experiences and concepts in order to determine a conclusion for a situation or problem.

Divergent thinking: it is the thought through which you want to give more than one possible solution to a situation or problem, applying various logical reasoning that has emerged throughout other experiences or practices.

## Examples of logical thinking

Logical thinking is composed of premises or inferences, which are collected, organized and after analyzing them, a conclusion is generated.

- To go on a trip with my friends I need to have enough money, if I save part of my salary every month, then I will be able to travel with them.
- On the weather news they said there is a 50% chance that it will rain. When I leave home for work I will take the umbrella with me.
- All living things need food to live. I am a living being, and I must feed myself every day to have energy and carry out my daily activities.

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