Meaning of Pentecost
What is Pentecost:
Pentecost is a religious holiday that is celebrated fifty days after Easter, ending the Easter period. It is celebrated both in the Jewish religion and in the Christian religion.
For the Jews, Pentecost marks the celebration of the giving of the Law to Moses on Mount Sinai, fifty days after the exodus.
For its part, for Christians, it is the commemoration of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles of Jesus Christ, which marks the birth of the Church.
Etymologically, the word comes from the Latin Pentecost, and this, in turn, from the Greek πεντηκοστή, (pentecost), which means ‘fifty-fifth’. The term, as such, refers precisely to the fifty days that elapse from Easter to Pentecost.
As it is the name of a sacred holiday, the word Pentecost must be capitalized.
Pentecost in Christianity
Christians celebrate at Pentecost the Coming of the Holy Spirit, which took place, according to the Bible, on the fiftieth day after the Resurrection of Jesus Christ.
In the New Testament, in Acts of the Apostles, chapter 2, the descent of the Holy Spirit is recounted during a meeting of the Apostles in Jerusalem, an event that would mark the birth of the Christian Church and the spread of the faith of Christ.
For this reason, the Church dedicates the week of Pentecost in honor of the Holy Spirit, but also celebrates the Consecration of the Church, the beginning of which is marked by this epiphany.
For the Catholic liturgy, Pentecost is the fourth main holiday of the year and, depending on the calendar, it can be celebrated between May 10 and June 13.
See also Easter (or Easter Day).
Pentecost in the Bible
The celebration of Pentecost is referred to in the Bible for the first time in Acts of the Apostles, in the episode dedicated to narrating the moment when the apostles of Jesus Christ received the gifts of the Holy Spirit, after the ascent of Jesus to heaven.
See also Holy Spirit.
Pentecost in Judaism
The Jews celebrate Pentecost fifty days after the Passover of the Lamb to commemorate the encounter between God and Moses on Mount Sinai, and the delivery of the Law to the people of Israel, symbolizing the birth of Judaism.
This event, as narrated in the book of Exodus, in the Old Testament, occurred fifty days after the departure of the Hebrew people from the captivity of Egypt.
Likewise, Pentecost is also historically associated with the Feast of Weeks or the Feast of Harvests, a celebration that took place seven weeks after Easter, in which God was thanked for the fruit of the harvests.