Meaning of Plagiarism
What is Plagiarism:
Plagiarism consists of copying other people's works to make them pass as your own or original. Plagiarism also refers to the act of kidnapping someone.
Plagiarism is being incurred when a work of a creative or intellectual nature is taken and copied or imitated without the express authorization of the author.
A literary, musical, pictorial, intellectual work (a theory, a discovery, a study), a computer algorithm, etc. can be the object of plagiarism.
Plagiarism is a violation of the intellectual property rights of a work, and is considered a crime from a legal point of view.
We can speak of plagiarism when a book contains ideas, plots or stories very similar to another; when one film has significant similarities to another; when an invention is very similar to another already patented, etc.
It should be noted that the use of the same argument in different works, expressed in an original way, does not constitute plagiarism, since copyright does not cover the ideas themselves, but only their mode of expression.
Today, the internet greatly facilitates plagiarism among schoolchildren, who take entire works and present them as their own at school, which is a problem for the learning process.
The word plagiarism comes from late Latin plagium, which meant "action to steal slaves, or to buy or sell free people as slaves." The word, in turn, came from the Greek πλάγιος (plágios), which means ‘oblique’, ‘tricky’, ‘deceptive’.
See also Fraud.
Plagiarism in law
In law, plagiarism is called an infringement of copyright that consists of presenting someone else's work as if it were one's own or original, which carries legal sanctions.
To protect works against plagiarism, there is intellectual property, which is a set of legal frameworks that safeguard both creative and intellectual works from being reproduced, used or applied with impunity without the express consultation and authorization of their author.
Examples of plagiarism can be found, for example, in written documents, when the original source from which a text, idea, phrase, photograph or even the complete work is taken is not explicitly cited or indicated.