Legislative power meaning

What is legislative power:

The legislative power is one of the three powers of a state. The legislative power is represented by the president of the congress or by the Parliament and is in charge of the formulation of laws and bills for the society of a country.

The way in which the legislative power is composed will depend on the political structure of the states. Legislative power generally takes two forms: as congress and as parliament.

Forms of legislative power


The legislative power of the States that have a congress is represented by the president of the congress. The congress, in turn, can adopt two types of structure: unicameral and bicameral.

Unicameral: it is composed only of the lower house where the deputies are democratically elected as, for example, the case of: Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Peru and Venezuela.

Bicameral: Congress is made up of a lower house (deputies) and an upper house (senators). The lower house is the popular representation and the upper house once again reviews the laws in the framework of action related to economic, political and social relations of the State, such as, for example, the case of: Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia and Mexico .


The parliament are the representatives chosen by the people to express their will. It elaborates and approves norms and laws of a general nature. Parliament is present in those States in which the executive power is divided and differentiated by a Head of State and a Head of Government, such as: Spain and England.

Functions of the legislative branch

The legislative power is in charge of proposing, discussing, studying, voting, approving or rejecting bills, bills or laws protected within the political Constitution of each country. In addition, it has the role of monitoring and controlling the performance of the government.

Executive, legislative and judicial power

The executive, legislative and judicial powers are the powers that make up a State. Each power has its roles defined in an overview such as:

  • Executive branch: organizer, planner, executor and evaluator of all actions for the benefit of the country. Represents the Government.
  • Legislative power: formulator of laws and bills, protected by the Constitution, for the welfare of the country. It also has the function of supervising the actions of the Government.
  • Judiciary: it ensures compliance with the law and penalizes those who do not use their rights properly.

The division of powers of the State into executive, legislative and judicial power was formulated for the first time by the French philosopher Montesquieu (1689-1755) in his posthumous works published in 1862.

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