Meaning of lyric poetry
What is Lyric Poetry:
Lyrical poetry is a literary genre composed in verse that is characterized by being one of the deepest forms of expression of feelings and reflections of the poetic voice.
Lyrical poetry, in this sense, is a genre very given to the expression of the subjectivity of the individual: the feelings, emotions, thoughts, reflections and ideas of the author find in it an ideal format for their expression, usually abstract or conceptual . In this sense, it differs from other subgenres, such as the dramatic, more dialogical, or the epic, more narrative.
Lyric poetry uses all kinds of literary devices; images, symbols, figures of speech, as well as the norms of traditional meter, which may or may not be adapted in terms of stanza, verse, rhyme and rhythm.
Lyric poetry was born in Ancient Greece. Originally it was a poetic composition to be recited with the accompaniment of a lyre, hence its name.
The Greeks considered the lyre a divine instrument created by Hermes or, according to other versions, by Polymnia, and was, according to mythology, played by Erato, who was the muse of poetry.
However, it is not until the 15th century that the qualifier lyrical begins to be used to differentiate sung poetry from that which was dramatic (the theater) or narrative (the epic).
Some lyrical poets of Antiquity were Alcaeus of Mytilene, Sappho, Anacreon or Pindar. But there are also more recent lyrical poets, such as the Latin American Rubén Darío.
However, today we have come to designate with the name of poetry in general what was formerly known as lyrical.