Meaning of Prehispanic
What is Prehispanic:
As pre-Hispanic, everything related to the period prior to the arrival of the Spanish in America and the domination and colonization of a good part of the continent by European man is called. It is also known as the pre-Columbian period in reference to the arrival of Christopher Columbus.
In this sense, all cultures, civilizations, social organizations, religions, languages, architecture, artistic manifestations, among many other things, that existed before the arrival of the Spanish to the American continent are pre-Hispanic.
Some of the most outstanding, known and studied cultures of the pre-Hispanic period are the Mayan and Aztec cultures, which developed in the territory that today includes part of Mexico and Guatemala, and the Inca, which spread throughout the region. from Los Andes, in South America.
See also Incas.
The end of the pre-Hispanic period is marked by the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the territories that today make up America, in 1492, because with this fact the process of domination of the American aboriginal peoples begins, which would lead to the destruction and extermination of many peoples and cultures, in an act that today we would classify as genocide.
What is known as pre-Hispanic Mexico is a historical period of the territory that today makes up the modern Mexican State and the peoples that inhabited it, which ranged from its settlement to the arrival of the Spanish and the formal beginning of their political domination by of the Spanish Crown, which began in 1521, with the fall of the Aztec Empire at the hands of Hernán Cortés.
It should be clarified, however, that when we speak of pre-Hispanic Mexico we are not referring to a single cultural reality, but to a set of cultures and peoples that, throughout history, and successively or simultaneously, inhabited the territory that was it knew with the name of Mesoamérica.
In this sense, Mexico, its territory, was inhabited by peoples with different levels of development and complexity in their social organization: from groups in the northern area, mostly nomads, hunters and gatherers, to more complex civilizations, such as cultures. Mayan and Aztec Mesoamerican women, who managed to master agriculture, invent and be guided by the calendar, develop writing and create architectural monuments of great relevance.
- Mayan culture.