Meaning of forensic psychology
What is Forensic Psychology:
Forensic psychology is a branch of psychology whose object of study is the individuals involved in judicial processes in order to help and collaborate with the judge or the judicial system in the resolution of said processes.
Forensic psychology also called as legal psychology, criminal psychology or legal psychology is a discipline that is born from clinical psychology and specifically studies the behavior and mind of the criminal or the nature of criminality.
Forensic psychology generally focuses on the area of criminal and family law, although it is not exclusive. A forensic psychologist has the function of assisting in court proceedings and advising judges to assist them in sentencing.
The forensic psychologist acts as an expert and not as a therapist since his "client" is not the individual studied but is the judge, the judge or the judicial system. The expertise of a forensic psychologist includes a diagnosis of the situation either in criminal conduct due to genetic factors such as the consequences of their social environment and close family environment.
Forensic psychology is enriched by the contributions of clinical psychology, social psychology and educational psychology, as well as the sciences of criminology and victimology, resorting when necessary to alternative processes of mediation and reconciliation.
You may also be interested in reading about the meaning of criminology here.