Meaning of Occupational Psychology
What is Occupational Psychology:
As labor psychology or psychology of work and organizations, the branch of psychology is designated, located within social psychology, which studies the behavior of people in the work environment.
In this sense, he is interested in studying, analyzing and evaluating the conduct, behavior and ways of relating of human beings within organizations and companies, both public and private.
As such, it focuses on understanding how aspects of a psychological nature influence the development of work, hence some of the areas in which it is interested are the work environment, schedules, volume of work and its distribution, forms of interpersonal relationship between workers (social, group and individual), as well as conflicts of responsibilities and psychological conditions associated with work, such as stress, burnout syndrome or neurasthenia.
The objective of occupational psychology is for workers to carry out their daily tasks in a pleasant environment, which provides them with a feeling of well-being, while offering greater performance and efficiency.
That is why occupational psychology, as a result of its observations, must be able to determine what aspects could be optimized within a company to, in this way, favor the general functioning of the organization.
On the other hand, occupational psychology will also deal with issues associated with occupational health (risk prevention, ergonomics), the structuring and establishment of work processes (functions, activities, responsibilities, standards and procedures to be observed, etc.) , to the realization of courses for the development and training of the personnel, to the advice of the personnel, as well as to the activities of recruitment and selection of new workers.
On the other hand, the occupational psychology professional will deal with all aspects related to human resources management, which will include job descriptions, analysis of job demands and risks, research and development of recruitment techniques, development and application of psychological tests to determine skills and abilities, development of interview techniques, staff training, motivational courses and evaluation techniques related to performance, among other things.
An occupational psychologist, in this sense, can carry out his tasks within a company department (generally that of human resources), or by offering external advisory and consulting services.
If you wish, you can also consult our article on Psychology.