Meaning of Social Psychology
What is social psychology:
Social psychology is a branch of psychology that studies the behavior and mental functioning of an individual as a consequence of their social environment. Social psychology studies the way in which human beings think, feel and act influenced by the presence or absence of other people in their environment.
According to the psychologist and psychoanalyst Enrique Pichon Riviere, social psychology is characterized by being an operative and instrumental inter-science that is responsible for the study of interactions oriented towards a planned social change.
As a consequence of the above, we can observe that social psychology studies the person in its 3 dimensions: the individual as such and his possibilities for socialization, the person in his different forms of sociability and the human being in relation to specific situations.
Social psychology can be seen from different perspectives according to the other branches of psychology; Psychoanalysis observes social psychology as the study of the individual unconscious that will influence the collective and social, behaviorism indicates that social psychology analyzes the behavior of the individual with respect to the influence of the environment or of other individuals.
See also Psychoanalysis.
In turn, postmodern psychology points out that social psychology examines the elements that make up diversity and social segmentation, finally, the perspective proposed by the groups observes social psychology as one that studies social groups as an intermediate point between the social and the individual.
See also Social groups.
This branch of psychology was born approximately in the year 1879 with the appearance of the volkerpsychologie or Peoples Psychology developed by Wilhelm Wundt where he highlighted the individual in society and its influence on him since the human and the social are closely related and complement each other. Some experts in this science indicate that the father of social psychology is the French sociologist Auguste Comte.
See also Psychology.
Characteristics of social psychology
- Examine human behavior.
- It indicates the psychological development that the human being must have at a certain age.
- Study the relationships between subject to subject, group to group and from society to society.
- Determine pathologies or inappropriate forms of behavior.
Community social psychology
Community social psychology is responsible for the study of the relationship between communities and human behavior based on external factors such as social and environmental, also community social psychology intervenes in the prevention of psychosocial problems and improves human development from the strengthening of its community .
Applied social psychology
Applied social psychology refers to the investigation of a significant problem from the social point of view and seeks to obtain theoretical and practical knowledge to perceive the factors that contribute to the possible solution of the problem.
Cognitive social psychology
Cognitive social psychology is based on the study of the mental phenomena involved in knowledge, that is, it analyzes the basic and deep mechanisms from which knowledge is derived, such as perception, memory, learning, knowledge formation and knowledge. logic reasoning.