Meaning of Pueblo

What is Pueblo:

As a people, the group of people in a place, region or country is called. From a political point of view, the people are the people who are part of the State, without any kind of distinctions of race, gender, religion, economic or social level. The word, as such, comes from Latin popŭlus.

People, on the other hand, can mean country or nation, and can be used as a synonym: the Mexican people, the Colombian people, the Argentine people, the Galician people.

The word town can also be used in an ethnic, cultural or racial sense to refer to the different ethnic groups, races or cultures that are part of the social fabric of a nation: the indigenous people, the Latin American people, the African American people.

As a people, the group of common and humble people of a population has also been called, the so-called plain people, that is, the lower class people, also known throughout history as the plebs, the common, the state. flat. In this sense, the concept of town has been associated with the popular and its cultural expressions: town music, town dances, town language.

In Ancient Greece, the demos (δῆμος), that is, the people, was the subject of sovereignty in the democratic system. However, women, children, slaves, or foreigners were not part of the demos. For Roman Law, for its part, the people embodied the human concept of the State, in which each of its members was the holder of civil and political rights and obligations. In Rome, in this sense, there were two differentiated social and political bodies that, together, constituted the Roman Republic: the senatus (Senate) and the populus (people), that is, the patricians and commoners.

Finally, a town can also be a population or town of lower rank than a city, whose economic activities are fundamentally linked to the primary sector, hence the towns are considered rural locations.

Sovereign people

As a sovereign people, it is called that country or nation that has an independent government and that, by virtue of this, has full power to exercise the supreme authority within its territory. In this sense, a sovereign people is one that enjoys the freedom of self-determination to create its own laws, choose its forms of government and its rulers, as well as to decide on its political and economic affairs without any type of interference from other States or nations.

Indigenous people

As an indigenous people, it is called the human community, originally from the country where it lives, which shares an ethnic identity based on its culture, history and institutions. In Latin America, indigenous peoples are all those who were socially formed before the arrival of the Spanish. In this sense, on the continent there is an immense variety of indigenous peoples, whose rights and ethnocultural uniqueness are recognized in the constitutional texts of several countries. Thus, there are nations that, like Mexico or Bolivia, call themselves multicultural or plurinational states.

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