Meaning of Prescription

What is Prescription:

A medical prescription, medical prescription or prescription, is a document in which the doctor authorizes the pharmacist to dispatch certain medications to his patient and, at the same time, tells him how to apply them. This document is legal in nature and can only be issued by duly accredited and registered doctors, in the exercise of their profession.

Medical prescriptions are prepared based on the particular diagnosis of each patient, which does not deny the influence of cultural, economic or social elements in the design of treatment. For example, some physicians may be influenced by promotional campaigns undertaken by pharmaceutical companies through the medical visitor.

Parts of a prescription

Currently, physicians must possess legally authorized print or digital prescription books. The prescription begins with a heading in which the data of the doctor and the institution where he works appear printed. Next, the doctor must complete the date of issue and the patient's data, such as name, sex, age and weight.

Once these elements have been fulfilled, the medical prescriptions must include the following parts: the body of the prescription and the instructions, normally separated into different sheets.

The body of the prescription is addressed to the pharmacist, and is marked with the acronym Rx or Rp. In this, the doctor indicates the name of the drug, the presentation, the density and the number of doses required, whether it is over-the-counter drugs or strictly prescription drugs, such as antibiotics.

It is the patient who has the responsibility of delivering the prescription to the pharmacist in order to obtain the medications. In the event that the list contains a prescription drug, the pharmacist must retain the prescription.

The instructions are addressed to the patient, to whom the doctor informs about the treatment and dosage, that is, about how to apply the assigned treatment according to his case. In these instructions, there may also be other indications for the patient, such as eating habits or exercise routines, which do not need to be reflected in the body of the prescription, but which are still part of the treatment.

At the end of the prescription, the doctor must sign the sheet in his own hand and mark it with a wet stamp indicating his name, civil identification number and registration number in the medical association. It will be this that guarantees the authorship of the doctor.

Special medical prescriptions

Some medicines of delicate use are subject to different legal procedures and resources, such as the case of psychotropic drugs or narcotics.

Although these types of drugs are legal, their addictive nature or because of their potential danger forces them to be prescribed through a special prescription, the signs of which are different from traditional recipes. The special recipes obey visual characteristics and type of content duly regulated by the laws of each country.

See also Diagnosis.

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