Meaning of social networks
What are social networks:
As social networks are called the structures that represent a set of individuals that are interrelated.
As such, it is a kind of map that clearly shows the ties that link a group of people to each other.
The concept has application in the areas of social sciences, the internet and computer science.
See also the concept of Networks.
Social networks in social sciences
Initially, social networks were a theory of the Social Sciences to designate social structures characterized by the dynamic relationships that are established between people, groups and institutions. Hence, it can cover all kinds of ties, from work, academic and professional, to kinship and affinity.
The author who first used the concept of a social network systematically was the Australian anthropologist John Arundel Barnes. He used it to refer to patterns of ties between individuals, such as those that can be registered in certain social groups, such as families, tribes or ethnic groups.
However, the theory of social networks has been applied to various sub-disciplines of the Social Sciences, such as sociology, anthropology, social psychology, communication studies, among others.
- Social groups
- Social psychology
Theory of the six degrees of separation
Associated with the theory of social networks, we also find the theory of the six degrees of separation, according to which all people in the world are only at six levels of any individual anywhere in the world. This means that to contact anyone, we only need to establish a chain of links of no more than six individuals.
Social networks on the internet
As social networks are called, on the internet, web 2.0 computing platforms designed to host virtual communities of interconnected individuals who share content, information, files, photos, audios, videos, etc.
To access a social network on the internet, a person basically has to create a profile that allows them to enter one of these platforms. From that moment on, your activities can focus on connecting with other people, expanding your network of contacts, communicating, sharing content and seeing the content that the rest of your acquaintances share.
In this sense, social networks have many applications in people's daily lives. It can be used mainly for socializing (finding old friends and making new friends), but also for making professional contacts, looking for work, etc. In addition, there are thematic social networks, which allow people with the same concerns and affinities to contact and share interests.
As such, social networks have meant a revolution in the way people communicate and interact and in the way they interact with the new tools offered by information technologies. In this sense, they have been a turnaround in the field of human communications, the flow of information and immediacy, to the point that the most important can be considered as another means of communication. Currently, among the most popular in the world, are Facebook and Twitter.