Meaning of Regionalism
What is Regionalism:
Regionalism is known as the trend or movement proposed by a State organization that adapts to the conditions, needs and specific characteristics of each region.
Likewise, regionalism is also the way in which we refer to the love or affection felt by people belonging to or natives of a certain region towards their customs, traditions and specificities.
On the other hand, the words that are used specifically in certain regions are also regionalisms, such as, for example, designating beans in different ways depending on the country: beans in Colombia, beans in Venezuela or beans in Puerto Rico.
The word regionalism, as such, is formed from the term regional, which refers to what is pertaining to or relative to a region, and the suffix -ism, which indicates "attitude or tendency".
See also Region.
We speak of regionalism in politics in reference to ideologies or movements that have as their object the defense and appreciation of their own region, of its distinctive characteristics in the natural (landscape, geography, resources) and the cultural (traditions, customs).
Regionalism arises as a reaction to centralism, and, although it does not intend to question the existence of a superior political unit (that of the nation), it does propose to demand from the State policies that meet specific local needs, as well as a fair redistribution of the national income.
In this sense, what political regionalism proposes is the decentralization of the State, which implies that there are concrete political actions that are adapted to the specific conditions of each place.