Meaning of the Mexican Revolution
What is the Mexican Revolution:
The Mexican Revolution was an armed conflict that began in 1910, as a consequence of popular discontent towards the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz, and that would lead to a civil war that would radically transform the political and social structures of the country.
It is considered the most important historical event in the history of Mexico in the 20th century.
The revolution began with the uprising led by Francisco I. Madero, who opposed the reelection of General Porfirio Díaz to the presidency, a dictator who had ruled the country for more than thirty years.
Later other political forces would join, including two of the most emblematic leaders of the revolutionary movement: Pancho Villa, in the north, and Emiliano Zapata, in the south.
Among the demands of the revolution were a genuine democratic system of government, greater social rights, just agrarian reform for the peasants, and freedom and equality for the people.
Its official start date is considered to be November 20, 1910, the day on which Francisco I. Madero called to take up arms against the dictatorship.
See also Day of the Mexican Revolution.
Causes of the Mexican Revolution
One of the main causes of the Mexican Revolution is the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz, who for more than thirty years exercised power arbitrarily, distributing perks among a small privileged group of landowners, industrialists and foreign investors.
Despite the material advances and economic progress that the country experienced during his tenure, the situation of social injustice in Mexico deepened and worsened during those years.
Thus, then, the crisis of the Porfiriato, the democratic efforts of Madero and the serious situation of the peasants, product of the latifundista exploitation, produced a popular awakening that materialized in the Mexican Revolution.
Consequences of the Mexican Revolution
The Mexican Revolution is one of the first social revolutions of the 20th century and was responsible for bringing Mexico into the 20th century. Among its achievements and consequences we can mention the following:
- Resignation of Porfirio Díaz
- Promulgation of a new constitution in 1917
- Nationalization of the soil and subsoil
- Agrarian reform
- Reform of the public education law
- Oil nationalization
- Improvement of the employment situation of workers
- Creation of trade unionism
- Distribution of large estates among the peasantry
See also PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party).
Characters of the Mexican Revolution
Among the most prominent characters of the Mexican Revolution we can speak of five fundamentals.
Porfirio Díaz (1830-1915), ruled Mexico in a fierce dictatorship for more than 30 years, between 1876 and 1911, with brief interruptions. Man of arms. During his government great material achievements were achieved that contrast with social injustices. He resigned from power in 1910. He died in exile in France.
See also Porfiriato.
Francisco I. Madero
Francisco I. Madero (1873-1913), political leader who began the revolutionary process in 1910 with his proclamation against Porfirio Díaz "Effective suffrage, no reelection." He came to power in 1911, but in 1913 he was betrayed and assassinated in a coup led by Victoriano Huerta, these events are known as the Tragic Ten.
Emiliano Zapata (1879-1919), known as “Caudillo del Sur”, was one of the most prominent leaders of the Mexican Revolution. He was in command of the Liberation Army of the South. Promoter of social struggles and agrarian demands. Their main demand was the return of the lands to the peasants by the latifundistas. His ideology gave rise to a current of thought called Zapatismo.