Meaning of Green Revolution
What is Green Revolution:
The green revolution was an agricultural transformation that occurred between 1960 and 1980, based on the accelerated increase in food production, based on the selective crossing of species and the use of fertilizers, pesticides and new irrigation techniques.
Its novelty was in increasing the food production of the field without the need to expand the cultivated land, but by stimulating the performance of the already exploited areas to the maximum. In doing so, countries affected by famines were helped.
The key foods for the development of this revolution were cereals, particularly rice, corn and wheat. The crossing of several types of these species allowed the development of stronger and more profitable strains. Added to the use of fertilizers and pesticides, production increased significantly.
Origin of the green revolution
The green revolution tried to solve the problem of insufficient production in the countryside in response to the vertiginous growth of the population in the 20th century. Back then, that was one of the causes of hunger and death from malnutrition.
It was Norman Ernest Borlaug, an agronomist originally from the United States of America, who promoted this revolution thanks to the support of different agricultural organizations at the international level.
Since 1943, Borlaug has been involved in agricultural research in Sonora, Mexico. His work had been very successful and attracted the attention of India, which invited him as an advisor to find a solution to the famine. Little by little the project grew in different countries.
Criticisms of the green revolution
However, although the problem of famine was solved, the problem of malnutrition continued. Indeed, the new strains of these cereals showed to yield more, but their nutritional qualities were inferior to the original strains.
Added to this is the environmental impact of the green revolution, a consequence of the use of fuel-based tractors, the construction of dams and irrigation systems, high energy consumption and the use of polluting chemicals, among others.
Currently, the problem of world hunger is not related to the production capacity of the countryside, but to the food distribution chain and its costs. For many sectors of society, food is out of their economic reach.