Meaning of Robotics
What is Robotics:
Robotics is the science and technology to design and build machines capable of imitating human tasks, recreating intelligence. Robotics, thanks to current advances, has taken a conceptual leap from science fiction to science technology.
The word robotics was first coined in 1921 by the Czech writer Karel Capek (1890-1938) but popularized by the Russian-American science fiction writer Isaac Asimov, from whom the 3 laws of robotics are owed:
- First Law: "A robot will not harm a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to be harmed."
- Second law: "A robot must obey the orders given by human beings, except if these orders conflict with the first law."
- Third law: "A robot must protect its own existence to the extent that its protection does not conflict with the first and second laws."
See also Science fiction.
The machines that robotics build are called robots. Robotics today is an interdisciplinary science because it combines knowledge of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronics, computer science, reaching areas such as biology.
There are several types of robots starting with the first generation, such as manipulators, up to the fourth generation, which would be ‘intelligent’ robots:
- Industrial robot: such as the industrial mechanical arm.
- Manipulator: such as a factory packer, loader and unloader.
- Terrestrial - some are shaped like insects, some have wheels, and some stand on two legs called android robots.
- Aerial: they are shaped like an airplane or helicopter.
- Research: for example the rover-type rover that NASA uses to explore the planet Mars.
- Educational or entertainment: they are generally for daily consumption like electronic pets.
- Robotic Bioengineering: brings together biology, engineering, electronics, and robotics to create prosthetics and prototypes for the area of medicine.
- Androids: 'smart' robots.