Meaning of Sacramento
What is Sacramento:
A sacrament is a sensitive and effective sign through which divine grace is evoked and manifested. It comes from the Latin sacramentum, term conformed in turn by the expressions sacrare, which means "to make holy", and the suffix mentum, which means "medium to". In this sense, a sacrament is a means for the sanctification of the person.
In Christianity there is a long sacramental tradition. Although each Christian denomination has different sacraments, they all have at least two of them in common: baptism and the celebration of the Lord's Supper.
Baptism is the sacrament by which the person opens to receive the grace of the Holy Spirit, thereby becoming, in turn, part of the body of believers in the church.
The Lord's Supper is the memorial of the Last Supper of Jesus Christ before his passion and death, in which the Word is preached and bread and wine are shared. Bread and wine symbolize the sacrifice of Jesus, and their consumption expresses the new covenant for eternal life. This sacrament receives different names according to the denomination of Christianity: Holy Mass or Eucharist, Holy Office, Lord's Supper, worship, etc.
Sacraments of the Catholic and Orthodox Churches
In the case of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, seven sacraments are conceived in total: baptism, the Lord's Supper (mass), reconciliation or confession, confirmation, marriage, the anointing of the sick and the priestly order. .
Baptism is the initiation ritual of Christianity, whose main symbol is the water that cleanses and renews life.
The Lord's Supper, Communion or Eucharist is the memorial of the life, passion and death of Jesus, in which the Last Supper and the institution of the commandment of love are especially remembered.
Reconciliation, previously called confession, consists of the liberation of sins through their admission and confession before a priest, who forgives them in the name of God.
Confirmation consists of the renewal of baptismal promises, among which the following of the gospel and the commitment to the community of believers stand out.
Marriage is the sanctification of the union between man and woman before God. The Catholic Church still does not accept equal marriage.
The anointing of the sick, formerly called extreme anointing, consists of the blessing of sick or disabled persons, which is why they cannot go to receive communion, but must be visited by the priest or the minister of the Eucharist.
Finally, the priestly order, a sacrament by which man consecrates himself as a priest or priest through the vows of celibacy, poverty and obedience. Catholicism and the Orthodox Church do not yet support the female priesthood.