Meaning of Sanskrit

What is Sanskrit:

The primitive language of India is known as Sanskrit, peculiar in the Nordic sector, being the vehicle of a magnificent religious, philosophical and artistic literature. Also, it is one of the oldest Indo-European languages ​​after Greek and Hittite.

Sanskrit at the time of its contact with the Gangetic Worlds, the end of the Aryan period that corresponds to the peak of the Magadha kingdom, in the 4th century BC, took 3 forms:

  • Academic Sanskrit, of the Brahmins, scrupulous in the texts and in their pronunciation. Fixed in the 4th century BC. by early Indian grammarians, such as Pánini (520-460 BC)
  • Vedic Sanskrit, is characterized by being the oldest part of the Rig-ved. The latter is the oldest text in India, dedicated to the gods, and composed in the second millennium BC.
  • Classical Sanskrit, most of his works were not related to religious themes.

Sanskrit is used as a liturgical language in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. On the other hand, it is part of the 22 languages ​​used in specific cases, and to a lesser extent to transmit cultural information.

However, the human being has numerous expressions in his word with direct or indirect origin from the Sanskrit language, such as: karma, buddha, nirvana, shanti, chess, sugar, sulfur, blue, lemon, lime, yoga, In addition to the above, Sanskrit is strongly linked to yoga, due to its use in practices, due to its origin in India, specifically in the Indus Valley.

Etymologically, the Sanskrit word, formed by two words "Sam" Y "Krita" which means "careful, perfect, impeccable."

Characteristic of Sanskrit

Sanskrit is a language considered the first of the Indo-European family, and as such, it is characterized by its flexibility at a nominal and grammatical level. At a nominal level, it affects nouns, adjectives, and pronouns by adding endings to the stem to indicate their syntactic relationship in the sentence.

Likewise, his words are distinguished through 3 genders (feminine, masculine, neuter), and three numbers (singular, plural, dual). The verbal system in terms of the modes, is formed by the indicative, optional, subjunctive and imperative. As for time, it is made up of the present, future and three pasts (imperfect, perfect and aorist).

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