What is Sediment:
As sediment, the solid matter that is in a liquid is known and that, when it is at rest, settles on the bottom. The word, as such, comes from Latin sedimentum.
Sediment can also refer, in geology, to all that material formed by unconsolidated particles or grains that is on the earth's surface and that is the consequence of a set of natural processes.
Likewise, sediment can refer to the mark or trace that an event leaves on a person, especially emotionally. For example: "Sediment of the pain of breaking up with Marta was Luis's unwillingness to meet new people."
Sediment, on the other hand, can refer to the set of feelings or learnings that are deposited in the character of a person over time. For example: "His years in Paris as an expatriate left him an enormous fortress in the face of adversity."
See also Deposit.
Sediment in geology
In geology, sediment refers to any solid material of natural origin that is found on the Earth's surface in the form of unconsolidated particles or grains. It is formed after a series of atmospheric phenomena and processes, such as wind, temperature variations, rainfall, the circulation of water or ice, as well as by chemical agents or living organisms.
Sediments can remain stable, consolidated in rocks, for long periods of time, which can extend up to millions of years. But they can also be moved by natural forces such as wind (wind erosion) or water circulation (river erosion).
The process associated with sediment is that of sedimentation, which is one in which a sediment that is in motion becomes deposited.