Meaning of Syntagma
What is a Syntagma:
A phrase, in grammar, is a word or a group of words that is articulated around a nucleus and that has a syntactic function.
The word phrase, as such, comes from the French syntagme, and this in turn comes from the Greek σύνταγμα (phrase), which means 'ordered grouping', 'set', 'troop' or 'syntactic element'.
The phrase is made up of a nucleus, called the syntactic nucleus, around which other elements are organized.
The syntactic core is the most important part of the phrase, the element with the highest hierarchy, as it is the one that determines the characteristics, the function and the way in which the elements will be arranged around the phrase.
For example, a noun phrase has at its core a noun around which other elements are organized that may or may not be present.
Thus, a noun phrase, apart from a noun, which is the syntactic core, can also be composed of a determiner, an adjective and an apposition. For example, in the phrase "The fast river of wide channel". River is the core of the phrase; the it is a determinant; Quick an adjective; Y wide channel, an apposition.
Depending on the function they fulfill within the sentence, the phrases can be classified as verbal, nominal, adjective, pronominal, adverbial, prepositional, conjunctive and interjective.
See also Syntax.
The verb phrase is one that has a verb as its nucleus. In the following sentences, for example, the verb phrase is indicated in bold: It is very cold outside; I want to eat early; I haven't slept a minute.
The noun phrase is one in whose nucleus there is a noun or noun. In the following sentences, for example, the noun phrases are highlighted in bold: María explained everything to him; I don't like big cities.
Adjectival phrase or adjective
The adjectival phrase is one whose nucleus is made up of an adjective. For example, in the following sentences the adjective phrase is indicated in bold: The book is very beautiful; This recipe is easy to cook.
As a pronominal phrase, the one whose nucleus is formed by a pronoun is called. For example, the pronominal phrase is indicated in the following sentences: Who came to the interview ?; He likes to eat a lot !; He does not speak spanish.
An adverbial phrase is characterized by having an adverb at its core. In the following sentences, the adverbial phrase is highlighted by bold: They went quickly to see what happened; He walked very slowly; I am standing in front of the square.
Prepositional or prepositive phrase
Prepositional or prepositive phrases are those that have a preposition in their nucleus or that are headed by one. Thus, for example, in the following sentences, the prepositional phrases are indicated by the bold: I saw her from my house; Where does that road go?