What is Sistema:
A system is a set of interrelated elements that works as a whole.
Although each of the elements of a system can function independently, it will always be part of a larger structure. Similarly, a system can itself be a component of another system.
The word system comes from Latin systēma, and this from the Greek σύστημα (systema), identified in Spanish as “union of things in an organized way”. From this word are derived others such as antisystem or ecosystem.
Similarly, there is a current of philosophical thought called systemism, created by the Argentine epistemologist Mario Bunge, who proposes that everything that exists is a system or a component of a more complex system.
Types of systems
There are two main types of systems:
Conceptual or abstract systems
A conceptual system is all the ideas, concepts, signs, hypotheses, theories or symbols that are used to create a construct, that is, a hypothetical entity.
An example of a conceptual system is mathematics, which in turn is made up of several abstract components (algebra, calculus, etc.).
Real systems or materials
They are structures composed of tangible elements, be they of natural or artificial origin.
Examples of real systems are the human body or computer hardware.
Examples of systems
There are countless examples of systems in which you can see how different components can function independently, but always forming part of a structure with a higher level of organization. Here are some of them:
System in biology
A biological system is a structure or network made up of a series of components that fulfill essential functions to maintain the survival of said system.
In the case of humans, there are several systems that help fulfill vital functions, such as:
The digestive system is the set of organs that are in charge of processing the food that living beings eat.
It is made up of the esophagus, stomach, large intestine, small intestine, liver, and pancreas.
The nervous system coordinates and directs all the functions and activities of the body such as digestion, respiration, blood circulation, among others.
The components of this system are the brain, cerebellum, medulla oblongata, spinal cord, and nerve endings.
- Nervous system.
The solar system is the set of astronomical objects that revolve around the Sun. The solar system includes eight planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune) and five dwarf planets (Ceres, Pluto, Haumea , Makemake and Eris), in addition to other celestial bodies.
See also Solar system.
An operating system is a program or set of programs of a computer system that are part of the software and manages and manages the hardware resources, allowing the use of application programs exclusively.
Some examples of operating systems are Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, GNU / Linux Y Unix.
See also Operating system.
An information system is a set of elements organized and oriented to the treatment and administration of data and information to cover a need or objective. It is characterized by the efficiency in which the data is processed in relation to a specific area.
The elements that make up an information system are people, data, work activities or techniques, and computer or communication material resources in general.
See also Information system.
The educational system is a structure made up of a set of institutions and organizations, public and private, that prepare and develop educational plans, finance and provide various school services as established in each country.
Among the elements of the educational system we can mention schools, universities, teachers, students, libraries and public bodies dedicated to the area of education and culture.