Meaning of civil society

What is civil society:

Civil society, in the field of social sciences, refers to the citizen collectives of various groups that act so that decisions are made in the public sphere according to special interests.

Civil societies include all organizations and networks, traditionally called interest groups, which are autonomous from the State and which meet in order to hold the government accountable in relation, generally, to social issues.

See also Social issue.

Contemporary civil society refers to those built from social networks that are characterized by not having visible leaders, the space in which decisions are made is wide and the interests and objectives covered cover an enormous spectrum.

Civil societies not only involve NGOs (non-governmental organizations) but also associations such as, for example, professionals, students, business, sports, community, among others.

See also NGO.

Characteristics of a civil society

A civil society is characterized by being:

  • Composed of citizens,
  • Collective,
  • Volunteer,
  • Self-generated,
  • Independent of the State,
  • Autonomous of the State,
  • Limited by a legal order,
  • It acts in public spheres to achieve common goals.

Civil society and political society

Political society refers to the organizations associated with the State and civil society represents citizens, therefore, one cannot live without the other.

Political society legitimizes civil societies when the latter promote the public interest by demanding changes or decisions to the point where the State takes corresponding actions.

The most basic questions that civil societies demand of political society are in the area of: Human Rights, health, education, transparency, participation and democracy.

Civil Society in Law

Civil society is a form of business creation that consists of a contract between 2 or more partners where the money or goods that each one will put into a company are stipulated in order to divide the profits generated among themselves.

Civil society companies (CS) do not have legal personality and it is created for companies whose economic activities are not acts of commerce, that is, financial and commercial operations that generate profits from economic speculation, such as the sale of products. with price fluctuations.

See also Society.

Types of civil society companies

In commercial law, there are 4 types of civil partnerships:

  • S.C .: Ordinary civil society
  • S.C. by R.L. de C.V .: Limited liability company with variable capital. It applies to commercial companies and serves to limit the liability of the partners.
  • S.C.P .: Private civil society. It limits the investment of the partners to certain assets or the profits of a certain industry.
  • S.C.U .: Universal civil society. Legal figure where the partners add all their assets and earnings to be distributed for the duration of the partnership.

Civil society and civil association

Civil society as a contract aims at the division of profits between the partners. The civil association, on the other hand, is a contract between partners with the objective of a common, legal and non-profit purpose, such as, for example, some institutes and schools.

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