Meaning of Soliloquy
What is Soliloquy:
As a soliloquy, it is called an inner reflection by means of which someone expresses, aloud and while alone, their thoughts, feelings and emotions. The word, as such, comes from Latin soliloquium.
The soliloquy is above all a resource for dramatic works, characterized by having a strong subjective charge and by allowing us to access the innermost thoughts of a character to get to know him better.
A soliloquy is, then, the speech made by a character isolated from others, in which he speaks to himself, as a kind of dialogue with himself. In this sense, it is a concept associated with the monologue.
A famous example of a soliloquy is that of Hamlet in William Shakespeare's play of the same name. In it, the central character takes a skull and asks himself: "To be or not to be, that is the question."
On the other hand, the word soliloquy can also have a negative charge when it refers to speech held by a person who does not allow others to intervene. For example: "The department meeting was actually a soliloquy from the boss."
Soliloquy can also refer, in psychiatry, to the reflections that schizophrenic psychotics make aloud and alone, as a dialogue with themselves.
Soliloquy and inner monologue
The soliloquy differs from the interior monologue in that, while the soliloquy is the enunciation aloud of the thoughts, feelings or emotions of a character before an audience or audience, the interior monologue supposes an internal flow of consciousness, being that all that what is expressed remains in the realm of the mind. Hence, the soliloquy is a resource fundamentally of the theater, while the interior monologue is more typical of narrative genres, such as the novel or the short story.