Meaning of Solstice
What is Solstice:
The solstice is an astronomical event to which the beginning of Summer or Winter is attributed. These celestial events mark the times of the year when the incidence of solar rays is at its maximum or minimum on the earth's surface, determining the longest and shortest days of the year respectively.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the Summer Solstice happens between June 21-23 and the Winter Solstice happens between December 21-23. Due to the geometry of the Earth and its movement around the sun, the summer solstice in the southern hemisphere happens at the same time as the winter solstice in the northern hemisphere and vice versa.
Therefore, in the southern hemisphere, the Summer Solstice happens between December 21-23 and the Winter Solstice happens between June 21-23.
The solstice is normally associated with the equinox, which in Latin is vulgarly translated as "equal day and night." As its name indicates, it points to the time of the year when the day and the night have the same duration and it happens right between the solstices, that is, March 21 and September 21.
These dates have always been celebrated by humans, regardless of their region and / or culture. Current theories suggest that these rites associated with changing seasons may be inherited from our Neolithic past, when man became more dependent on agriculture and climatic conditions to survive. Due to the universal nature of the celebration and the devotion that most had towards these festivals, some used these dates for their own motivation, such as the date of the birth of Jesus Christ set by the Catholic Church a few days before the Winter solstice. of the northern hemisphere.
Find out more with related terms like the summer solstice, the equinox, and the seasons of the year.
Aphelion and Perihelion
Aphelion is called the farthest point in the orbit of a planet with respect to the sun. And it should not be confused with solstice. Instead, perihelion is the antonym of aphelion, therefore it refers to the closest point in the orbit of a planet with respect to the sun. Also not to be confused with equinox.