Meaning of Scientific Text
What is the Scientific Text:
A scientific text is a written production that addresses theories, concepts or any other topic based on scientific knowledge through specialized technical language.
Scientific texts emerge as a result of research. In them, the development of the research process, its data, tests, results and conclusions are presented, in an orderly and systematic way.
The information provided in the scientific text, on the other hand, is the product of a methodical and systematic work, thanks to which a phenomenon or fact is studied and analyzed based on a series of hypotheses, principles and laws. All the aforementioned will provide the results obtained with verifiability and, therefore, validity and universality.
See also Scientific knowledge.
Objective of scientific texts
The objective of the scientific text is to transmit, in an appropriate, clear and concise way, the results of a research work on a specific topic to the scientific community, as well as to the interested public in general.
Hence, its production context is always within the framework of a scientific community, to which you want to communicate and demonstrate the advances achieved in an investigation. They appear, above all, in scientific research and popularization books and magazines.
See also Scientific research.
Characteristics of scientific texts
Scientific texts have a series of specific characteristics that differentiate them from other types of texts, such as literary or journalistic texts, since they deal with topics and situations that require a specific language, a register and a specific approach.
- Language: they use a specialized terminology or lexicon, typical of each specific area (mathematics, biology, physics, chemistry, etc.).
- Objectivity: they are objective texts, based on concrete, verifiable, reproducible data; They seek to convey to the reader aspects of reality approached with methodical rigor. Subjectivity, in this sense, is minimized.
- Clarity: knowledge is communicated to the reader clearly and precisely, without ambiguities or subtleties, with a clean and orderly syntax.
- Formality: the subject is presented and exposed in a formal registry of writing, with distance and objectivity.
See also Disclosure.
Examples of scientific texts
There is a considerable variety of scientific texts. Some examples are reports, articles, theses, monographs, school or didactic manuals, dissemination works, and books and magazines in general on topics of health, social, mathematical, physical, chemical, biological sciences, etc.
See also Disclosure article.
Structure of a scientific text
Every scientific article is structured more or less as follows:
- Title: contains the topic and the formulation of the problem
- Authors: people who sign the research
- Summary: brief explanation of the topic to be addressed, its main points.
- Introduction: presentation of the research, the problem to be dealt with, the hypothesis, justifications.
- Method and materials: explanation of the methodology and materials that will be used
- Data collection: data collection process for research.
- Results: presentation of the results obtained.
- Discussion: analysis of the results obtained based on the hypothesis raised.
- Conclusion: closing of the text presenting the most relevant aspects of the research and its findings.
- Bibliography: list of the texts used to carry out the research.
Scientific text and technical text
The scientific text and the technical text have some similarities: they use a technical language, clear and objective, that refers to concrete realities. In this sense, they are unambiguous.
The scientific text differs from the technical text, for its part, in that the scientist explains, exposes and describes the development of a research process, to present their results.
The technical text, on the other hand, although it is based on science, is oriented to its application in the technological or industrial fields, and contains explanations and instructions that guide, in a practical way, the work of the person who reads it.