Descriptive Text Meaning
What is Descriptive Text:
A descriptive text is a set of words and phrases ordered coherently and with a complete and autonomous meaning that details the characteristics of a reality.
Descriptive texts, like any text, must express an idea in a coherent and cohesive way, that is, with a logical relationship and with a harmonious connection in its composition.
See also Text.
Structure of a descriptive text
A descriptive text can be short but must contain the following parts: the topic to be presented, the characterization of the object of study to be described (appearance and properties) and its associations with the outside world (framework).
The topics that are presented in this type of text can be the most varied depending on the type of descriptive text that can be an objective or subjective description of reality. The subject covered can be placed at the beginning or at the end of the text.
The characterization of the chosen object must convey the qualities, properties or the parts that make up the object of study as a whole.
The associations that a descriptive text makes of the object in relation to the outside world are expressed through linguistic resources and literary figures such as adjectives, enumeration, comparison, metaphor and hyperbole.
- Literary figures
Characteristic of descriptive texts
Descriptive texts are characterized by presenting coherence and cohesion as in all texts. A descriptive text seeks to create a mental portrait of the object in the receiver of the message. In this sense, the speaker or speaker uses linguistic and literary resources to achieve his goal.
Depending on the nature or class of descriptive text (objective or subjective) the language can be denotative or connotative. Denotative language is one that is used to express data and information clearly and objectively. Connotative language, on the other hand, conveys ideas in a symbolic or figurative sense, such as, "The cold was so cold that it chilled to the bone."
- Figurative sense
Objective descriptive texts are formal, technical or robot portrait texts and subjective descriptive texts encompass literary texts and all those that describe from a personal point of view.
Descriptive text types
Descriptive texts are divided into two large groups: objective descriptive and subjective descriptive. Examples of objective descriptive texts are scientific, technical, social, and manual texts. Examples of subjective descriptive texts are opinion texts, advertising texts, poems, novels, songs and chronicles.
See also Scientific text.
In addition, according to the intention of the text, they are classified into technical texts or literary texts:
Technical description text tends to be objective using denotative language with specific technicalities and adjectives. It fulfills the referential or informative function of language, defining and explaining with scientific rigor and exhaustiveness the elements, composition, functioning and usefulness of the object of study.
See also Language functions.
The literary description text is characterized by its aesthetic function. Use connotative language through figures of speech and explanatory adjectives so that the author's subjective description is credible with a logic that obeys artistic criteria.
Some examples of the types of descriptive literary texts that exist are:
- Portrait: details physical and mental features.
- Etopeia: describes the character, thought and psychic aspects.
- Prosopography: defines the physiognomy, body constitution and clothing.
- Caricature: presents the object in an exaggerated and comical way.
- Topography: characterizes the surrounding landscape and terrain.