What types of maps are there?
Maps are responsible for graphically representing the territory to provide guiding information on aspects such as location, limits, geographical features, etc. We registered a total of 17 types of maps that we have grouped as follows:
- Maps according to the territorial amplitude;
- geographic maps;
- maps that record human intervention in geographic space.
Let's know what they consist of and what are their main characteristics.
Types of maps according to the territorial amplitude
When speaking of types of maps according to the territorial amplitude, we refer to the basic forms of the maps, which serve as the basis for different uses. Let's see.
Planisphere or world map
First strip: Mercator projection and Hammer-Aitov projection. Second strip: Mercator projection with meridian bands of 20 ° and projection centered on the Pacific Ocean. Third strip: projection centered on the Atlantic Ocean and Fuller projection or Dymaxion map.
Mapamundi literally means map of the world. Its essential characteristic is to provide information on the general geography of the entire planet Earth, including the territorial platforms and the oceans.
Earth's proportions are often distorted by world maps because of the difficulties of representing the roundness of the Earth on a two-dimensional surface. For this reason, over the years, cartographers have proposed various ways of solving this problem, which has given rise to the so-called planispheres.
A planisphere refers to the models that represent both hemispheres of the Earth in a single plane and that claim to respect the proportions of the Earth's surface according to the meridians.
Europe continental map
Continental maps are characterized by representing a specific continent. These can offer information about its conformation, limits or any other element that you want to highlight.
Types of geographic maps
Geographical maps are those that provide specific information on the physical characteristics of the territory, be it land or marine platform. That is, its center of interest is in geography itself, regardless of human activity.
Physical maps are characterized by not attending to the separations between borders, since their main objective is to map the land relief, geological formations or any alteration of the Earth's surface. They record, for example, the presence of mountain ranges, valleys or volcanoes.