Meaning of Torch
What is Torch:
torch corresponds to the initials in English of toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, HIV and can also include other infections in newborns such as hepatitis B and C virus, enterovirus, retrovirus, treponema pallidum, varicella-zoster, candida, parvovirus B19 ,etc.
This acronym was created by Nehemiah in 1971 to designate the group of causal agents identified above.
However, the word torch used in other contexts, such as games and electronic devices, specifically to identify a cell phone model, such as a smartphone blackberry torch that combines both a touchscreen and a QWERTY keyboard.
Syndrome torch It is a maternal infection that affects the fetus in the gestation stage, accessing it through the mother through various routes such as:
- Hematogenous route: the microorganism invades the bloodstream, crosses the placenta, and through the umbilical cord blood reaches the fetus.
- Route of delivery: the microorganism infects the mother's genital tract and the newborn is infected during childbirth.
- Ascending route: the microorganism infects the maternal genital tract, advances to the intrauterine cavity causing chorioamnionitis - premature rupture of the membrane - and infecting the fetus.
Diagnosis of the syndrome torch is established in the postnatal period and is confirmed with the detection of antibodies or antigens, through the blood profile examination torch. However, there are a series of symptoms or indicators that reveal the condition:
- Embryo reabsorption.
- Placental infection
- Delayed intrauterine growth.
- Premature delivery
- Symptomatic or asymptomatic newborn.
The pregnant woman should be more careful during pregnancy because her immune system tends to be more vulnerable and therefore more susceptible to diseases. Each infection has particular clinical signs as well as treatments and prevention measures. Once the blood test is done torch, and taking into account its result the doctor will indicate a timely treatment.
The profile torch is a blood test that looks for suspicion of an infection by finding antibodies in the blood. There are two types of blood tests torch: one that reveals whether you have suffered previously (IgG) and another that reveals the existence of a recent or ongoing infection (IgM).
It is advisable that the profile of torch It is done by the woman when she is aware of her pregnancy. If the result is negative there is no need to perform another test but if not, it is prudent to perform other blood tests to confirm the results of the previous test.
Usually, it is indicated for mothers during pregnancy but it is also performed for newborns. The baby infected with any of the diseases mentioned above can lead to congenital anomalies such as: growth retardation, problems in the nervous system and malformations in the baby's brain.