Meaning of urban tribes
What are urban tribes:
The expression “urban tribes” designates groups of individuals, usually young, organized in gangs or city gangs that share a universe of common interests contrary to the cultural values of normalized society, through codes and behaviors that are their own: jargon , clothing, cultural references, lifestyle, daily habits and ideology.
This notion was established in the mid-twentieth century, from the theorization of countercultures and subcultures. Urban tribes deliberately seek to distinguish themselves from the dominant social order and challenge cultural codes as a mechanism of rebellion. Therefore, it is not surprising that some urban tribes assume inappropriate behavior from the point of view of the established order.
The “tribe” of these gangs is the fact of sharing a group conscience and a duly codified sense of belonging to it. But instead, they differ from this notion in the fact that they do not create stable traditions or claim cultural hegemony. Therefore, they are usually seen as a youth phenomenon.
However, one of the visible contradictions in urban tribes is the acceptance of a stereotypical identity, often constructed from the media. It means, then, that over the search for identity, the sense of belonging prevails.
Therefore, urban tribes, in the first place, satisfy an affective need of the individuals that comprise them, which facilitates their incorporation into an ideology and lifestyle by emotional attachment. Hence, certain urban tribes lead to gangs with unfounded violent behavior, as in the case of the shaved heads.