Tourism Meaning

What is tourism:

Tourism is a set of business activities that directly or indirectly generate goods and services that support business, leisure, pleasure, professional and other related activities with people outside their habitual residence.

The first definition of the word tourism was proposed by professors Hunziker and Krapf in 1942, it indicated that tourism was the set of activities and phenomena originated by the dislocation and permanence of people outside their usual area, as long as their dislocations and stays were not used for a principal, permanent or temporary gainful activity.

The World Tourism Organization, in 1991, established that tourism was the set of activities carried out by people during travel, in premises located outside their usual residence, for a consecutive period that did not exceed one year for leisure reasons, business and others.

However, the birth of tourism in Ancient Greece can be evidenced since the Greeks made trips to attend, participate and enjoy cultural shows, courses, games, and so on. Likewise, the Romans were the first to build premises for therapeutic, religious and sports purposes. Then, in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries there was a considerable increase in private trips in order to accumulate knowledge, cultures, adventures, the time of discoveries was lived.

Finally, in the 19th and 20th centuries, due to the transformations in the economic, political and society areas of a country, a strong advance in tourism was evidenced and, due to this, the formal concept of tourist arises. However, in 1841, organized tourism was born with Thomas Cook since he prepared the first tourist trip in history, today, it is the origin of modern tourism. Currently, the agency created by him, known as: Thomas Cook and Son, continues to be one of the largest tourism organizations in the world.

In reference to the above, the public powers began to understand tourism from an economic, social, political, ecological, cultural and educational perspective and, thus, in the middle of the 20th century, tourism activity expanded throughout the world and travel agencies increased considerably.

On the other hand, the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) in 1983 defined the tourist and hiker. With respect to the first, he established that he is a visitor to the premises with a stay of 24 hours and less than a year for reasons of pleasure, vacations, sports, business, etc. As for the excursionist, it is the visitor who stays in the premises for less than 24 hours, including passengers on cruise ships.

However, the tourist can be dislocated by land (land tourism), sea (nautical tourism) and air (air tourism), being able to carry out internal tourism, it is that carried out within the borders of a country, national tourism is tourism carried out by the residents of a country both inside and outside of it and international tourism is characterized by the tourism of its residents outside its borders.

The World Tourism Organization established as World Tourism Day September 27 of every year, the same day that the Statutes of the World Tourism Organization were approved September 27, 1970.

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