Meaning of aesthetic values
What are aesthetic values:
Aesthetic values are virtues that stand out from a person, animal, work of art, fashion, object, landscape, event, among others, and that generate positive or negative reactions or appreciations.
As a type of value, aesthetic values are positive criteria and references generally shared by a group, which define a person, thing or action. On the other hand, aesthetics refers to the perception of the senses and the philosophy of what is considered beautiful.
Consequently, aesthetic values are also the result of appraisals or value judgments made by people, based on a set of philosophical, aesthetic and ethical reflections on what they consider beautiful or not.
Subjectivity of aesthetic values
Aesthetic values depend to a great extent on the perception that individuals have about something specific. That is, what was considered aesthetically beautiful or unpleasant twenty years ago may not be so much today.
People highlight aesthetic values based on their personal scale of values, what they consider harmonious and the aesthetic valuation judgments they make.
Therefore, generating a positive or negative criticism about someone or something is to give a strictly personal opinion that may or may not be accepted by others.
The aesthetic values are those that allow to express the sensations of liking, admiration or displeasure that are generated when a work, sport, person, object, animal, among others is being appreciated.
For this reason, the meanings of aesthetic values can be taken as positive or negative depending on who performs the look.
For example, when a musician hears the melody of a song and values it aesthetically as harmonious and balanced, but for another person it does not make any special sense.
Hence, aesthetic values are an academic and even commercial case study, because positive or negative acceptances can also generate economic gains or losses.
Main aesthetic values
The aesthetic values are many, among them beauty, the sublime, the great, the delicacy, the harmonious, the unpleasant, the delicate, the elegant, the horrifying, the tragic, the ridiculous, the chaos, the drama, the balanced, among others. Here are the most important ones:
It is what is considered aesthetically beautiful, and it was the central theme of the philosophical treatises raised by Plato and Aristotle. It is related to what is pleasant to the senses and perceptions. However, determining what is beautiful or not is a difficult task because it depends on people's reactions to something.
It relates to what is considered aesthetically beautiful according to what is established as harmonious and symmetrical. Balance makes it possible to balance the perception of the aesthetic in the various ways in which it is expressed.
It refers to the conjugation of all the elements that are part of something and that are correctly intertwined, generating a positive result.
It is a term widely used in the literature to classify a type of text. The tragic intertwines with the dramatic, hence its particularity to awaken various sensations in the reader or viewer.
As an example, we can mention the Greek tragedy as a dramatic genre and the use of masks with expressions of sadness, pain or joy.
Something is judged as horrible when its perception generates displeasure, discontent. The horrible is not considered beautiful.
Aesthetic values in art
The aesthetic values define the criteria of beauty according to philosophical, aesthetic and ethical consensus. In this sense, in the appreciation of works of art, aesthetic values are used to make a positive or negative value judgment.
Aesthetic values, when dealing with perceptions and reflections, convey feelings. For example, when a human sculpture is appreciated and amazement is generated by the detail and delicacy of the work carried out.
The same happens when a sunset is observed and the senses make judgments of beauty value for what nature represents.
Aesthetic values change over time because aesthetics, externalized in forms, adapt to different times and societies.
This is especially clear in art, where some works lose their aesthetic values and others remain over time and are appreciated by future generations.
Aesthetic values in philosophy
Aesthetic values are a type of value studied by aesthetics, a branch of philosophy, which theorizes and defines the relations of perception of what is beautiful or not. Socrates, Plato and Pythagoras were philosophers who made treatises on aesthetics and its perception.
To this extent, aesthetic values share the ethical and moral principles of other values, such as human values, social values, or cultural values.