Meaning of Ethical Values
What are Ethical Values:
Ethical values are behavioral guides that regulate the conduct of an individual. In the first place, ethics is the branch of philosophy that studies what is moral and performs an analysis of the moral system to be applied at the individual and social level.
Among the most relevant ethical values we can mention: justice, freedom, respect, responsibility, integrity, loyalty, honesty, equity, among others.
Ethical values are acquired during the individual development of each human being with experience in the family, social, school environment and even through the media.
Ethical values show the personality of the individual, a positive or negative image, as a consequence of their behavior. Likewise, the convictions, feelings and interests that the person has can be appreciated.
For example, the individual who fights for justice and freedom, values considered as positive, are the reflection of a just person. But, otherwise, a human being is observed apathetic to these values and who gives some support to injustices.
Therefore, ethical values allow to regulate the behavior of the individual to achieve collective well-being and a harmonious and peaceful coexistence in society.
Etymologically, the word ethics is of Greek origin ethos which means "habit or custom" and the suffix -ico which expresses "relative to".
See also The 5 most important ethical values with examples.
Relative ethical values
Ethical values can be relative by virtue of the point of view that each individual has.
For example, for a person it is synonymous with responsibility to arrive on time to their workplace. However, for another, this situation is not considered as something of relevance, so they may arrive late to their job and not feel irresponsible.
Therefore, it should be mentioned that there are many people who do not share opinions or respect the different points of view of others. That is, what for some is an ethical or positive attitude, necessarily, is not for others.
Absolute ethical values
Ethical values can also be absolute by virtue of what is considered a habit or custom practiced by the whole society. They are not subjective and their meaning remains unchanged beyond personal or collective experiences.
That is to say, in general terms and beyond the existing cultural differences between people, we are all capable of recognizing what solidarity or respect is, as well as identifying those acts considered good or bad.
For example, all individuals know or recognize what cordiality is regardless of whether they put it into practice or not with those around them.
On the other hand, it is worth mentioning that the human being lives in a constant ethical judgment, which refers to reasoning and determining what action, behavior or attitude is the most successful at a given time, based on the norms and values imposed by the society.
When the individual is faced with an ethical judgment, it is important to understand the ethical problem, seek the best solution that does not harm other individuals, and reflect on why it was the best solution to that situation.
See also: Ethics
Ethical and moral values
Ethical values also include moral values, which are those that allow us to differentiate the good from the bad, and the fair and unfair of a given situation or circumstance.
Moral judgment is the mental act that allows the individual to determine his attitude regarding what is right and wrong.
See also Moral values.
Ethical and human values
Human values are the properties, qualities or characteristics that an individual possesses. Likewise, these values are universal and dynamic, they are shared in all cultures and, they determine the guidelines and norms of a coherent conduct, for this reason they are related to ethical values.