What is Vanguardia:
Vanguard is a term of military origin, used to refer to the most advanced part of an army.
The origin of the word avant-garde in the French voice is pointed out avant-garde, which, for its part, passed into old Spanish as "outpost", made up of "aván", (from ahead), and "guard".
In this sense, in a military advance, the vanguard is that section of a military body that occupies the front position, at the front. As such, this conception is part of an ancient division in the armies, dating from the Middle Ages, which distinguished between the rear, the bulk of the army, and the vanguard, which is the body of the army made up of the fastest, lightest men. and brave.
Because the Lavanguard directs the march of the troops and opens roads, some of its functions are the exploration of the terrain, the clearing of potential dangers for the advance of the army, the search for enemies, the dismantling of traps or ambushes, as well as the occupation of the most advantageous positions on the battlefield (heights, trenches, etc.).
On the battlefield, the vanguard is the first to deploy, always in front of the formations, or to the right, when it is a linear organization.
Detached from the military lexicon, the word avant-garde has also been used to designate various positions or behaviors, either in the arts, or in politics or ideology, which are characterized by presenting advanced ideas or proposals, and that. Throughout the 20th century, it has been expressed in the most varied fields of human activity, such as technology, fashion or education.
On the other hand, expressions such as "at the forefront", "at the forefront" or "at the forefront" are commonly used to designate what is in the first place, or in the most advanced position, or ahead of the others: "Fernando Alonso is at the forefront of the race."
Avant-garde synonyms we can find the words: innovative, visionary, experimental, novel and disruptive.
The artistic and literary movements of the 20th century are called artistic vanguards, which emerged at the same time in Europe and Latin America.
These currents avant-garde they were characterized by having a fundamentally experimental, critical and innovative character, which profoundly transformed art and ideas. Precisely because they considered that they had an advanced position, that transgressed the limits of traditional art, and disruptive in the face of the artistic canon of the moment, they are classified in this way.
In this sense, the avant-garde or avant-garde revolutionized all the aesthetic manifestations of the time: from painting, sculpture, architecture, dance, music, literature to cinema. Some of his most notable artistic currents were Cubism, Fovism, Expressionism, Surrealism, Dadaism, Futurism, Ultraism, among others.
Avant-garde movements are movements that arise within contemporary art, where art seeks to provoke cultural and social reforms in politics, philosophy and literature.