Old Age Meaning
What is old age:
Old age is the life period that follows maturity. Although there is no specific age to mark its onset in humans, the World Health Organization places this stage at 60 years of age.
Although old age implies a gradual organic deterioration, it is the previous life conditions and genetic factors that will determine a favorable evolution or not of this stage.
Stages of old age
Old age brings with it a series of biological changes that can be accelerated or delayed depending on the characteristics of each person, but in most cases they are unavoidable. These changes appear in three stages:
Pre-age (55 to 65 years)
It is characterized by atrophy or weakening of muscle mass, altered sleep patterns, and slow digestion. In women, this stage is also accompanied by the end of menopause, which involves hormonal alterations and physical changes.
Old age (65 to 79 years)
The main characteristic of this stage of old age, also called "third age", is the weakening of the bone structure, which can cause posture problems. The ability to acquire new knowledge is impaired.
See also Seniors
Elderly (80 years and older)
Bone weakening and muscle atrophy are accentuated, which usually causes a loss of autonomy. If there are previous medical conditions, they usually worsen or advance in this stage.
Old age is also the period in which neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's or senile dementia tend to manifest or worsen.
In psychological terms, old age in its different stages usually brings with it periods of intense reflection on the past.
Depending on the state of mental and emotional health of each person, these moments of introspection can be assumed as part of the process or, on the contrary, they can be a source of sadness and social isolation.
In this stage, the feeling of self-realization is very important to create positive associations with the past.