Meaning of Vow
What is Voto:
Voting is the way in which a person publicly or secretly expresses their preference for an option over a variety of alternatives. The word, as such, comes from Latin votum.
The vote can be exercised with a gesture, by filling out a ballot or through any other action that serves to show the person's preference for an option.
Votes in meetings or boards allow a group to make decisions or apply consensual measures to solve problems that affect everyone equally.
The vote can be cast secretly, reserving our motivations, or it can be done publicly, explaining the reasons why we have chosen one and not another alternative.
On the other hand, a vow can be simply a wish, or, in the religious sphere, the request with which something is asked of God, as well as the offering that is made to God or a saint for the favor received.
Likewise, voting can refer to an oath or execration that is made as a display of anger.
See also Vote.
Vote in democracy
In democratic systems, voting is the mechanism for citizen participation par excellence. Through it, citizens can express their opinion or preference in relation to matters of public interest, such as electing public offices, or supporting a law or reform, etc. Voting is a right and also a duty, a personal act where we express our political will. It is characterized by being universal, free, equal, direct and secret, for the following reasons:
- Universal, because all citizens, without exclusion of any kind, have the right to vote.
- Free, since each citizen has the power to choose who to vote for.
- The same, because the vote of all citizens has the same value, regardless of social position, amount of income or educational level, that is to say: one person is one vote.
- Direct, because each citizen is able to vote without intermediaries, making their own decisions.
- Secret, since it gives the voter the freedom to decide who to vote for and the power not to publicly express their preferences.
Types of votes
There are different types of votes depending on the effect, the intention or the way in which it is done.
- Positive vote: it is the one that is valid to add support to one of the options.
- Blank vote: is the one who does not express support for any of the options.
- Void vote: it is one that is badly made and, therefore, is not valid.
- Subtractive vote: it is the one that subtracts support from one of the options.
- Useful vote: it is one that is done with a strategic purpose, to add support to the option with the most possibilities.
- Punishment vote: it is the one that refuses the party that was previously voted in as a way of expressing dissatisfaction with its management.
- Voting in person: it is done in person at the voting center.
- Remote voting: the one that is carried out far from the voting center due to the inability of the person to travel to the site to exercise their right, such as voting online or voting by mail.
- Voting online: it is one that is done through the internet.
- Voting by mail: it is one that is done by correspondence.
- Electronic vote: is one that uses electronic means either for voting or for counting.